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Korean Journal of Child Health Nursing 2005;11(1):72-82.
Development of a Tool to Measure the Need for Child Hospice Care in Families of Children with Cancer.
Kyung Ah Kang, Songyong Sim, Shin Jeong Kim
1Department of Nursing, Sahmyook University, Korea.
2Department of Statistics, Hallym University, Korea.
3Department of Nursing, Hallym University, Korea. kimsj@hallym.ac.kr
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to develop a tool to assess the need for child hospice care in families of children with cancer. METHOD: The research design was a methodological study. The tool was developed in 4 stages : first, preliminary items were developed based on a questionnaire about the needs for child hospice care that was given to 20 families of children with cancer; second, a panel of specialists reduced the number of preliminary items using 3 validity tests for the content; third, final items were selected from the results of a pre-test. Finally, from February to July 2004, reliability and validity were tested with a sample of 104 families who had a child with cancer. RESULTS: The final tool on the need for child hospice care consisted of 22 items and Cronbach's alpha coefficient for internal consistency was .93. Using factor analysis, 5 factors were extracted and these factors explained 69% of the total variance. CONCLUSION: The instrument, for assessing the need for child hospice care in families of children with cancer, developed in this study was identified as a tool with a high degree of reliability and validity. In this sense, this tool can be effectively utilized for implementing and improving hospice care for children with cancer.
Key words: Child hospice care; Families; Children with cancer
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