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Child Health Nurs Res > Volume 19(1):2013 > Article
Child Health Nursing Research 2013;19(1):59-68.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4094/chnr.2013.19.1.59
Development of an Ecological Model to Improve Health Care Management for Children in Child Care Centers.
Eun Sook Park, Yeo Jin Im, Eun Ji Cho
Korea University College of Nursing, Seoul, Korea. yjlim@korea.ac.kr
Abstract
PURPOSE: This study was conducted to identify current health care management and barriers in health care management according to ecological systems, and to develop an ecological model for enhancing health care in child care centers. METHODS: Focus group interviews were conducted with directors and teachers of child care centers, and with parents of children enrolled in child care. Data were analyzed by the latent content analysis method. RESULTS: Twelve categories of health care management were identified. Barriers to child health care included knowledge deficit and lack of competence in health care by teachers, lack of useful health care manuals, non-existence of professional child health care personnel in child care centers, lack of mutual information sharing and disagreement on child health conditions between child care personnel and parents, lack of specific health related child care inspection criteria and time flexible child care centers with a lack of policy on collaboration with health care facilities. The ecological model developed included specific strategies to improve health care management in child care. CONCLUSION: The proposed ecological model to improve child health care management should be useful to plan future health care program considering both the immediate and indirect social environment surrounding children in child care.
Key words: Child care; Delivery of health care; Preschool child; Ecology
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