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Child Health Nurs Res > Volume 19(2):2013 > Article
Child Health Nursing Research 2013;19(2):140-148.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4094/chnr.2013.19.2.140
A Study on Obesity and Behavior Problems in Elementary Children Living in Poverty.
Kyung Mi Cho, Eun Joo Kim
1Department of Nursing, Kyungin Women's College, Incheon, Korea.
2Department of Nursing, Sangji University, Wonju, Korea. kimeju0409@sangji.ac.kr
Abstract
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to explore the relationship of being from low-income families on children's behavior problems and obesity. METHODS: The research design was a descriptive survey study, and the participants were 197 children from low-income families who took part in activities at a local children's center. They were selected through convenience sampling. The participants completed a questionnaire, BASC-2 (Behavior Assessment System for Children). RESULTS: The results are as follows: 22.3% had obesity, a rate higher than that of children in general. Further, 37.3% had attention deficit problems, 33.8% had problems adapting to school and 49% had other adaption problem. There was a gender-specific difference with respect to all of the behavior problems. CONCLUSION: The results of this study indicate a lack of an identified child policy for behavior problems and health, and suggest a need for various programs and policies which could lead to development of behavior screening programs for children from low-income families.
Key words: Obesity; Behavioral problems; Poverty
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