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Child Health Nurs Res > Volume 20(1):2014 > Article
Child Health Nursing Research 2014;20(1):20-29.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4094/chnr.2014.20.1.20
Development and Effect of the Feeding Protocol for Preterm Infants.
Jae Young Lee, Hyun Mi Son, Kyung Hee Park
1Pusan National University Hospital, Busan, Korea.
2College of Nursing, Pusan National University, Busan, Korea. hmson@pusan.ac.kr
3Department of Pediatric, Pusan National University School of Medicine, Busan, Korea.
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to develop a feeding protocol for premature infants and to evaluate the effects of protocol. METHODS: The feeding protocol was developed through a literature review and discussions of an expert group. The developed feeding protocol was tested with 85 preterm infants in one neonatal intensive care unit in B city. A non-equivalent control group non-synchronized design was used. Data were collected from January 1 to April 30, 2013 for the control group and from June 1 to September 30, 2013 for the experimental group. The experimental group (n=38) received the feeding protocol, whereas the control group (n=47) had routine feeding care. Collected data were analyzed by t-test and -test using SPSS/WIN version 18.0. RESULTS: First feeding time (t=2.22, p=.029) and full enteral feeding time (t=2.28, p=.026) were significantly decreased in the experimental group compared to the control group. There was no difference in incidence of complications (p>.05). Also no significant differences in weight reduction rate between the two groups were observed at the 7th postnatal day (t=-1.23, p=.222). CONCLUSION: The results indicate that the feeding protocol for preterm infants is effective in decreasing first feeding time and full enteral feeding time.
Key words: Preterm infants; Protocol; Feeding; Enteral nutrition
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