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Child Health Nurs Res > Volume 21(1):2015 > Article
Child Health Nursing Research 2015;21(1):28-36.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4094/chnr.2015.21.1.28
The Degree of Life-Respect and Peer Bullying in Elementary School Students.
Shin Jeong Kim, Young Ae Park, Sung Hee Kim, Hye Young Kim, So Young Yoo, Seong Sook Baek, Jung Eun Lee
1Department of Nursing, Hallym University, Chuncheon, Korea.
2Department of Nursing, Jeju Tourism College, Jeju, Korea.
3Red Cross College of Nursing, Chung-Ang University, Seoul, Korea.
4Department of Nursing, Keimyung University, Daegu, Korea.
5Department of Nursing, Baekseok University, Cheonan, Korea.
6Chuncheon Elementary School, Chuncheon, Korea.
7Department of Emergency Medical Technology, Dongnam Health University, Suwon, Korea. lije@dongnam.ac.kr
PURPOSE: This study was done to provide basic data for education of elementary school students on life-respect and peer bullying prevention. METHODS: Participants were 5th and 6th grade elementary school students. Data from the questionnaires of 218 participants were analyzed. RESULTS: 1) The mean score for degree of life-respect was 4.23 (+/-0.38). The types of peer bullying were 'defenders of victims' (3.19+/-0.93), 'bullies' (2.04+/-0.72), 'victims' (1.91+/-0.84), 'bystanders' (1.79+/-0.80), and 'bully-followers' (1.66+/-0.60). 2) There was a significant difference in the degree of life-respect according to gender (t=-2.410, p=.017). Likewise, in the degree of peer bullying, among the type of 'bullies' there were significant differences according to grade (t=-2.285, p=.004), and gender (t=3.191, p=.002). Also, among the types of 'bully-followers' there were significant differences according to gender (t=2.053, p=.041), and having a religion or not (t=3.319, p=.001). 3) There was a significant correlation between life-respect and types of peer bullying. CONCLUSION: The results of this study provide helps for more effective provision of educational programs regarding life-respect and peer bullying.
Key words: Bullying; Child; Education; Peer group; Respect for life
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