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Journal of Korean Academy of Child Health Nursing 2007;13(2):119-127.
Factors Influencing Parenting Confidence in First-time Mothers of Infants in Their First Year.
Hee Soon Kim, Mi Kyung Sim, Tae Im Kim, Norr F Kathleen, White Traut C Rosemary, Kenner A Carole
1College of Nursing, Yonsei University, Korea.
2Department of Nursing, Shinsung College, Korea. simkyung@shinsung.ac.kr
3Department of Nursing, Daejeon University, Korea.
4College of Nursing, University of Illinois at Chicago, USA.
5College of Nursing, University of Oklahoma, USA.
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify factors influencing parenting confidence in first-time mothers and to provide basic data for development of maternal role education programs. METHOD: The participants were 194 first-time mothers of babies aged 1-6 months who visited well-baby clinics in 4 hospitals. Instruments used in this study were self-reported questionnaires. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation coefficient and stepwise multiple regression. RESULTS: The parenting confidence level was moderate with a mean score of 3.26(range 1-6). Infant temperament was significantly correlated with maternal role confidence. Maternal role confidence was significantly correlated with child-rearing environment. Infant temperament and parenting stress were significant predictors explaining 50% maternal role confidence. CONCLUSIONS: Nursing Interventions to promote parenting confidence among first-time mothers of infants in their first year are needed to improve maternal perception to infant temperament and reduce parenting stress.
Key words: Parenting confidence; Infant
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