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Journal of Korean Academy of Child Health Nursing 2007;13(3):357-366.
Relationship of Family Strengths, Family Function, Ego-Identity and Depression in Adolescence.
Kyung Eui Bae, Eun Ha Kim
1College of Nursing, Pusan national University, Korea.
2Catholic University of Pusan, Department of Elderly Care Manager, Korea. HAKE1114@cup.ac.kr
PURPOSE: This study was conducted to survey and examine the relationship of family strengths, family function, ego-identity and depression in adolescence in Busan, and to provide basic data for a health promoting intervention to improve their family health. METHOD: Data were collected from four colleges in Busan and, 680 students were enrolled in the study. Descriptive statistics, t-test or ANOVA with Scheffe's test and Pearson's correlation coefficients were used to analyze the data. RESULTS: The mean score for family strengths was 3.58, family function 4.31, ego-identity 55.4 and depression 17.9. The scores for family strengths differed significantly according to subjective social economic state and father's job, parent's religion, parent's marital status and family composition. The scores for family function differed significantly according to parent's religion, parent's marital status and subjective social economic state. The scores for ego-identity differed according to mother's education level, parent's religion, parent's marital status and family composition. There were a positive correlations between family strengths and family function, between family strengths and ego-identity, between family function and ego-identity. There were negative correlations between family strengths and depression, between family function and depression, between ego-identity and depression. CONCLUSION: In order to promote ego-identity and to decrease depression in adolescence, it is necessary to develop supporting interventions to develop family strengths.
Key words: Family; Ego; Id; Depression
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