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Child Health Nurs Res > Volume 15(4):2009 > Article
Journal of Korean Academy of Child Health Nursing 2009;15(4):409-416.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4094/jkachn.2009.15.4.409
Effects of Child-rearing Stress and Empowerment on Quality of Life in Caregivers of Children with Disabilities.
Yong Sook Eo, Moon Jeong Kim
1Department of Nursing, Choonhae College of Health Science, Ulsan, Korea. nursinge@ch.ac.kr
2Department of Nursing, Ulsan University, Ulsan, Korea.
Abstract
PURPOSE: This study was designed to identify how parenting stress and empowerment affect the quality of life in caregivers of children with disabilities. METHODS: Caregivers assuming parenting responsibilities for children with disabilities under 18 yr of age were recruited at 8 local welfare centers, homes for children with disabilities, and parent associations in U city. They were asked to complete a questionnaire in a face to face interview or by self-report, and 265 data units were analyzed with stepwise multiple regression. RESULTS: Parenting stress, empowerment and monthly income were statistically significant explaining 39% of the variance. Among the subconstructs of parenting stress and empowerment, parental distress (beta=-.42, t=-6.45) and competence (beta=.30, t=3.59) significantly influenced quality of life. Among the general characteristics, monthly income (beta=.10, t=2.01) was found to be significantly related to quality of life. CONCLUSION: Nurses who work with children with disabilities and their caregivers need to focus on parental distress and competence to improve the quality of life of caregivers and to stimulate development in children with disabilities.
Key words: Child-rearing stress; Empowerment; Quality of life
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