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Child Health Nurs Res > Volume 20(4):2014 > Article
Child Health Nursing Research 2014;20(4):322-331.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4094/chnr.2014.20.4.322
Health Literacy of Elementary School Students.
Eun Jung Ahn, In Soo Kwon
1Masan Community Health Center, Masan, Korea.
2College of Nursing, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju, Korea. iskwon@gnu.ac.kr
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify health literacy levels of elementary school students. METHODS: Participants were 331 fifth and sixth graders in nine elementary schools located in Gyeongsangnam-do. Instruments were 42 health-related words derived from fifth-grade textbook 'Health in Daily Life' for linguistic health literacy, modified Korean Health Literacy Assessment Tool (KHLAT) for numeracy section of functional health literacy, items from a snack box and newspaper article for reading comprehension section of functional health literacy. Data were collected from July 15 to August 15, 2013. RESULTS: The mean score for linguistic health literacy was 24.02+/-7.16 of 42 (57.2% were correct answers). The mean score for functional health literacy was 9.27+/-2.30 of 12 (77.3% were correct answers). There were significant differences in health literacy by grade and academic performance. CONCLUSION: This study results show that both linguistic and functional health literacy among elementary school students were not high enough to use health-related information and make appropriate health-related decisions. Therefore, it is important to develop strategies aimed at increasing health literacy levels, especially focused on underperforming students. It is also necessary that studies be done on the factors affecting the health literacy of elementary-school students.
Key words: Health literacy; Students
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