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Journal of Korean Academy of Child Health Nursing 2006;12(2):204-214.
Effects of Yakson Therapy on Maternal Attachment and Attachment Behavior in Mother of Preterm Infants.
Hye Sang Im, Eun Sook Park
College of Nursing, Korea University, Korea. imhyesang@korea.ac.kr
Abstract
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of Yakson therapy conducted by the mother of preterm infants on maternal attachment and attachment behavior. METHOD: A quasi experimental pre-post test design was used. The data were collected from January, to October, 2005. The participants were 30 mothers of preterm infants hospitalized in a neonatal intensive care unit (15 in the Yakson therapy group and 15 in control group). Yakson therapy consisted of three phases: laying on hands, caressing by a hand, and laying on hands again. Each phase took 5 minutes. Yakson therapy was provided to infants in the experimental group for 15-minutes 5 times a day for 15 days. Data were analyzed using the SAS program with Chi square-test, repeated measures ANOVA, and Fisher's exact test. RESULTS: Compared to the control group, the experimental group had significantly higher scores in maternal attachment (F=5.54, p=.0258). The attachment behavior of the experimental group was also higher than that of the control group. CONCLUSION: The results suggest that Yakson therapy can be used to improve maternal attachment and attachment behavior.
Key words: Premature infant; Maternal attachment; Attachment behavior
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