1Chung-ang University Yong-san Hospital, Korea. 2Department of Nursing, Chung-ang University, Korea. email@example.com
PURPOSE: The purposes of this study were to describe resilience in children with chronic illness and also to describe family resilience, and to identify correlations between the two.
METHOD: Data were collected from 108 children being treated by hospitals C and K in Seoul and from their families. The children were diagnosed with nephrotic syndrome, IgA nephritis, diabetes, or asthma of at least six months duration. Descriptive, t-test, one-way ANOVA, and Pearson correlation coefficients were used.
RESULTS: The mean score for resilience in children was 101.31 and for family resilience, 60.14. The variables showing statistically significant differences in resilience of the children according to a general characteristics were gender of the child (t=6.209, p<.05), diagnosis (F=6.315, p<.01), age of the mother (t=2.237, p<.05), and school grades (F=12.838, P<.01). In terms of family resilience according to a general characteristic, the variable showing a statistically significant difference was birth order of the child (F=13.468, p<.01). There was a significant positive correlation between resilience in the children and family resilience (r=.356, p<.01).
CONCLUSIONS: From the results of this study we proposed the implementation of programs to increase resilience in children with chronic illnesses and in order to positively affect the resilience in children, the implementation of programs to increase family resilience.