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Journal of Korean Academy of Child Health Nursing 2006;12(3):304-313.
Content Analysis on Psychosocial Adjustment of Adolescent Survivors of Leukemia.
Mi Ae You
College of Nursing, Ajou University, San 5 Woncheon-dong, Youngtong-gu, Suwon 443-721, Korea. dew73@hanmail.net
Abstract

Purpose
This study was done to describe psychosocial adjustment of adolescents who have survived childhood acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL). Method: Out of a total of 16 adolescents (11~20 years old) registered at the Pediatric Oncology Clinic at one university affiliated hospital, 13 adolescents agreed to participate in this study. The data were collected through in-depth interviews using a semi-structured questionnaire. The contents of the interviews were analyzed using the inductive content analysis method. Result: Three main categories were identified 'personal characteristics', 'coping patterns', and 'interpersonal relationship'. Personal characteristics included self-praise, self-confidence, altruism, being worrisome, and being difficult. Coping patterns included positive thinking, activeness, and avoidance. Interpersonal relationship included appreciation, intimacy, burdened by over protectiveness, and feelings of regret and equality as peers. Conclusion: The results indicate that adolescents who have survived childhood cancer have both positive and negative experiences. It is suggested that care providers identify and support the strengths of the adolescents in order to help them to adjust more positively after the experience of childhood cancer.
Key words: Childhood cancer survivors; Adolescence; Leukemia; Psychosocial adjustment
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