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Child Health Nurs Res > Volume 16(1):2010 > Article
Journal of Korean Academy of Child Health Nursing 2010;16(1):49-55.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4094/jkachn.2010.16.1.49
Application of Dental Health Program for Elementary School Children.
Hye Young Ahn, Ggodme Yi
1College of Nursing, Eulji University, Daejeon, Korea.
2Department of Nursing, Sangji University, Wonju, Korea. yime@sangji.ac.kr
PURPOSE: In this study an analysis was done of participants who were educated using a dental health program as compared to a control group who only used a booklet on the subject. The participants were elementary school children and the education focused on dental health knowledge, behavior, health belief, and self-efficacy. METHODS: Sixth grade students from two different schools in D-city were assigned to an experimental group which was educated using a dental health program over five weeks and a control group which was educated with a dental care booklet. RESULTS: The experimental group showed significant increases in knowledge, behavior, sensitivity, severity, benefit, belief, and self-efficacy indicating that the program was effective, but there were no significant differences in self-efficacy, sensitivity, severity, importance, or disability between the two groups. Significant differences between the groups were found for knowledge, behavior, and benefits regarding dental health. CONCLUSION: The results of this study indicate that a dental health program for elementary school students is effective in increasing their knowledge and behavior regarding dental health but the lack of significant differences in several of the variables in this study may be related to the education provided to the control group using a booklet.
Key words: Dental health; Health belief; Self efficacy; Child; Health education
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