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Child Health Nurs Res > Volume 16(4):2010 > Article
Journal of Korean Academy of Child Health Nursing 2010;16(4):268-276.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4094/jkachn.2010.16.4.268
Elementary School Students' Coping Ability in Emergency Situations.
Shin Jeong Kim, Jung Eun Lee, Kyung Ah Kang, Sung Hee Kim
1Department of Nursing, Hallym University, Chunchon, Korea. ksj@hallym.ac.kr
2Department of Emergency Medical Technology, Dongnam Health College, Suwon, Korea.
3Department of Nursing, Samyook University, Seoul, Korea.
4Redcross College of Nursing, Seoul, Korea.
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to provide basic data to improve coping abilities of elementary school students in emergency situations. METHOD: The data were collected from 1633 3-6th grade elementary school students using a self-report questionnaire. RESULTS: 1) The mean score for the coping ability of the students was low at .38 (+/-.36). 2) The mean scores for the 8 categories were, [Care for common symptoms], .54 (+/-.48), [Call for help & check], .47 (+/-.43), [Care for injury by heat.cold & foreign body], .39 (+/-.45), [Care for tissue damage], .36 (+/-.44), [Offering help], .36 (+/-.42), [Rescue & escape], .31 (+/-.51), [Evacuation], .28 (+/-.49), and [Appropriate response for the situation], .27 (+/-.43). The mean scores for 2 areas were, 'Acting tips', .35 (+/-.36) and 'First aid', .42 (+/-.40). There were significant differences in coping ability according to students' gender (t=4.964, p<.001), and family type (t=-2.484, p=.013). 4) Among the categories, there were significant correlations between all 8 categories and significant correlation between 'Acting tips' and 'First aid' (r=.808, p<.001), 'Acting tips' and 'Coping ability' (r=.956, p<.001), and 'First aid' and 'Coping ability' (r=.946, p<.001). CONCLUSION: The findings indicate a need for programs to improve the coping ability of elementary school students in emergency situations.
Key words: Coping behavior; Emergencies; Students
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