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Child Health Nurs Res > Volume 18(4):2012 > Article
Journal of Korean Academy of Child Health Nursing 2012;18(4):201-206.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4094/jkachn.2012.18.4.201
Effects of Covering Newborn's Head after Bath on Body Temperature, Heart Rate and Arterial Oxygen Saturation.
Dong Yeon Kim, Ho Ran Park
1Graduate School, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.
2College of Nursing, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea. hrpark@catholic.ac.kr
PURPOSE: In this study changes were observed in body temperature, heart rate and arterial oxygen saturation (SaO2) of newborns after bathing and to determine the effects of covering their heads with cotton hats after bathing. METHODS: Participants were 58 newborn infants, 31 in the experimental group had their heads covered with cotton hats after their bath while 27 in the control group did not. Body temperature, arterial oxygen saturation and heart rate were measured at 8 consecutive times after bathing. Data were analyzed using t-test and repeated measures ANOVA. RESULTS: Body temperature declined shortly after bathing. The experimental group showed faster recovery (p<.001). Heart rate increased after bathing in both groups. Heart rate in the experimental group decreased for 120 minutes and gradually increased to baseline (p<.001). In the control group, heart rate decreased for 180 minutes and then increased but did not reach the baseline (p<.001). Arterial oxygen saturation decreased shortly after bathing and recovery to the baseline was more rapid in the experimental group (30 minutes vs. 60 minutes) (p<.001). CONCLUSION: With significant changes observed in newborns' body temperature, arterial oxygen saturation and heart rate, covering the head right after bathing is effective in stabilizing infants' physiological system.
Key words: Newborn; Body temperature; Heart rate; Oxygen; Baths
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