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Child Health Nurs Res > Volume 16(3):2010 > Article
Journal of Korean Academy of Child Health Nursing 2010;16(3):220-229.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4094/jkachn.2010.16.3.220
Relationship between Quality of Life and Parenting Attitude and Parent-Child Communication Patterns of School Age Children.
Hee Geon Shin, Il Young Yoo, Eui Geum Oh
1College of Nursing, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea.
2College of Nursing, Nursing Policy Research Institute, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea. iyoo@yuhs.ac
Abstract
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to describe quality of life in school age children and the relationship between quality of life and parenting attitude as perceived by children and parent-child communication pattern. METHODS: Data were collected between May 26 and June 3, 2009 using self-report questionnaires from 148 pairs of children and their parents. The children were enrolled in 4th to 6th grades. The questionnaires included the Parental Bonding Instrument (PBI), Parent-Child Communication (PCC) Scale, and Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL). The data were analyzed using the SPSS WIN 17.0 program. RESULTS: The Quality of Life (QOL) score for the children was significantly higher among children reporting higher parental bonding attitude (mother r=.38, father r=.34) and parent-child communication (mother r=.43, father r=.36). Results of multiple regression showed that factors significantly associated with QOL were academic achievement, caregiver available after school, parent-child communication, school satisfaction, relationship with peers, and birth order among siblings. CONCLUSION: Positive relationships and good communication with parents and satisfaction with school life were important factors associated with quality of life in school age children.
Key words: Child; Quality of life; Child rearing; Communication
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