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Child Health Nurs Res > Volume 15(2):2009 > Article
Journal of Korean Academy of Child Health Nursing 2009;15(2):182-189.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4094/jkachn.2009.15.2.182
Factors Influencing Health Risk Behavior in High School Students.
Jin Choi, Mi Ye Kim
1Department of Nursing, Sunlin College University, Korea. cjin@sunlin.ac.kr
2College of Nursing, Kyungpook National University, Korea.
Abstract
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify the factors influencing health risk behavior in high school students. METHODS: The subjects were 512 students from 4 high schools in 3 cities. The questionnaire measured the level of self-esteem, self-efficacy, internal locus of control and health risk behaviors. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Scheffe test, Pearson's correlation coefficient and stepwise multiple regression analysis. RESULTS: There were significant differences in the health risk behaviors according to sex, a classification of the school, whether or not smoking of mother, whether or not live alone, level of harmonious family, level of satisfying school-life and three variables of them were significant differences by Scheffe test. There was a significant positive correlation between sub-dimension of health risk behaviors and the self-efficacy, self-esteem, internal locus of control were negative correlation with health risk behaviors. The most important influential factor of the health risk behaviors was the self-efficacy. CONCLUSION: From the studies reviewed, improving the self-efficacy, self-esteem, internal locus of control and the general social environment of students will probably be the most effective strategies for primary prevention of health risk behaviors.
Key words: Adolescent; Health behavior; Self esteem; Self efficacy; Locus of control
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