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Child Health Nurs Res > Volume 21(1):2015 > Article
Child Health Nursing Research 2015;21(1):20-27.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4094/chnr.2015.21.1.20
Factors Affecting Asthma and Atopic Dermatitis in Korean Children: A Population-based Cross-sectional Survey.
Yunjeong Yi, Jisoo Kim
1Department of Nursing, Kyung-in Women's University, Incheon, Korea.
2Department of Nursing, Gachon University, Incheon, Korea. kimjisoo@gachon.ac.kr
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate factors affecting childhood asthma and atopic dermatitis. METHODS: For this study, data for 1,170 children (1-11 years) from the Fifth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES V-2, 2011) were analyzed. First correlation matrices were computed to test the normality of every data set and then to be in accordance with the real demographic composition, data were added weight before being analyzed. RESULTS: The child with asthma of a three generation family (OR=3.91, 95% CI [1.33, 11.45], p=.013) compared with a two generation family showed higher asthma development, and maternal asthma (OR=9.71, 95% CI [2.66, 35.40], p=.001) showed higher asthma development in child. The only factor affecting atopic dermatitis was parental perceptions of child health: poor (OR=3.40, 95% CI [1.29, 8.98], p=.014). CONCLUSION: These results suggest that childhood asthma and atopic dermatitis are both affected by parental perceptions of child health. Accordingly, management and support programs for children who have asthma and/or atopic dermatitis and their families should be comprehensive and also give attention to any other health problems because health perception represents quality of life.
Key words: Child; Asthma; Atopic dermatitis
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