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Child Health Nurs Res > Volume 20(1):2014 > Article
Child Health Nursing Research 2014;20(1):11-19.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4094/chnr.2014.20.1.11
The Effect of a Postpartum Nursing Intervention Program for Immigrant Mothers.
Kyung Sook Bang, Bo Yun Huh, Mi Kyung Kwon
1College of Nursing and The Research Institute of Nursing Science, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea. ksbang@snu.ac.kr
2School of Nursing, University of California, San Francisco, USA.
3Department of Nursing, Kwandong University, Gangneung, Korea.
Abstract
PURPOSE: The purposes of this study were to develop a postpartum nursing intervention program for immigrant women and evaluate the effects on postpartum depression, child rearing confidence, home environment, and infant temperament. METHODS: This research was a non-equivalent control group pre-test and post-test design. Participants were pregnant immigrant women from China, Vietnam, and the Philippines residing in Kyunggi province and Seoul. Twenty women were assigned to the intervention group, and 19 women to the control group. For the intervention group, the women were visited at home and provided emotional support and parenting education for three months. To analyze the intervention effects, repeated measure ANOVA and t-test were used. RESULTS: Child rearing confidence was higher in the experimental group than the control group at interaction effect of time and group, six weeks and three months postpartum. However, there were no significant effects for maternal depression, infant temperament, and husband support. Home Observation for Measurement of the Environment (HOME) score in the experimental group was higher than that of the control group at three month postpartum. CONCLUSION: Results indicate that the nursing intervention program had positive effects and can be used to further the health status of immigrant mothers and children.
Key words: Immigration; Mothers; Postpartum depression; Child rearing; Infant
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