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Child Health Nurs Res > Volume 19(3):2013 > Article
Child Health Nursing Research 2013;19(3):238-245.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4094/chnr.2013.19.3.238
Factors Affecting Social Adjustment of Childhood Cancer Survivors.
Su Mi Oh, Hye Jung Lee, Gwang Suk Kim, Kyung Duk Park
1Pediatric Cancer Center, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea. ohsum86@naver.com
2The Nursing Policy Research Institute, College of Nursing, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea.
PURPOSE: The purposes of this study were to assess social adjustment of childhood cancer survivors and to identify factors affecting social adjustment. METHODS: Data were collected from 79 childhood cancer survivors and his/her parents. The survey consisted of questions related to characteristics, physical functioning, depression, self-esteem and coping strategies. The Social Competence Inventory was used to measure social adjustment in the children. RESULTS: The level of social adjustment of childhood cancer survivors was 83.5 out of a possible 155. Physical functioning, depression, self-esteem, and aggressive or proactive coping strategies were associated with social adjustment. Only physical functioning independently affected social adjustment. CONCLUSION: The results of this study indicate that there are several factors influencing social adjustment of childhood cancer survivors, and therefore there is a need for programs that deal with all aspects of children's physical as well as emotional health in order to enhance their social adjustment.
Key words: Childhood; Neoplasm; Survivors; Social adjustment
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