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Child Health Nurs Res > Volume 19(2):2013 > Article
Child Health Nursing Research 2013;19(2):76-84.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4094/chnr.2013.19.2.76
Breastfeeding Knowledge, Attitude, and Nursing Practice of Nurses in Neonatal Intensive Care Units.
Jin Suk Ra, Sun Mi Chae
1College of Nursing, Chungnam National University, Daejeon, Korea.
2College of Nursing, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea. schae@snu.ac.kr
3The Research Institute of Nursing Science, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.
Abstract
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to describe breastfeeding knowledge, attitude and nursing practice of neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) nurses. METHODS: Survey methodology using a self administered questionnaire was employed as the research design. A total of 153 questionnaires from 7 university hospital NICUs in Seoul, Daejeon, and Daegu were used for data analysis. RESULTS: The percentage of correct answers on the breastfeeding knowledge questions for the NICU nurses was 59.3%. The nurses in NICU reported a somewhat positive attitude to breastfeeding, mean per item 3.70+/-0.41 on a scale of 5 points. Their breastfeeding nursing practice was at a moderate level, mean per item, 3.26+/-0.74. Breastfeeding knowledge had significant correlations with breastfeeding attitude (r=.554, p<.001) and nursing practice (r=.203, p=.002). Also, There was a significant correlation between breastfeeding attitude and nursing practice (r=.243, p=.002). CONCLUSION: These results suggest that breastfeeding educational programs and strategies for NICU nurses should be developed to increase their breastfeeding knowledge, attitude, and nursing practice.
Key words: Breastfeeding; Neonatal intensive care units; Knowledge; Attitude; Practical nursing
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